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7 types of gynecological examinations/ female checkup that you should consider!

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“Which type of gynecological examination should I do?” Many women who prioritize their health seem to always as this question.

 

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  20 years old 
(must do: urine and blood tests)

  25 years old
(must do: cervical screening, breast and pelvic ultrasound)

  40 years old
(must do: cervical screening, breast and pelvic ultrasound)

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$2,210   $2,310 $2,580 $2,880   $4,280 $4,880 $5,800
Urine test Yes Yes Yes   Yes Yes Yes   Yes Yes  
Blood test Yes Yes Yes   Yes Yes Yes   Yes Yes Yes
Cervical cytology test Yes Yes Yes     Yes Yes   Yes Yes Yes
Breast ultrasound   Yes     Yes Yes Yes   Yes Yes  
Pelvic ultrasound         Yes Yes Yes   Yes Yes  
Mammogram                 Yes Yes Yes*3D
Bone density test     Yes   Yes       Yes Yes  
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Let your 20 year old, youthful self take a few gynecological tests

 

 

1. Standard urine and blood test

 

Women should always understand themselves and their health conditions. Our recommendations include a few standard gynecological tests which examine cholesterol levels, platelets, urinary, white blood cells, diabetes etc. 

 

  Body check centre’s selling points: Adult Upgraded Comprehensive Health Check Plan A

  • 78 types of assessments
  • (20 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): Cholesterol, platelets, leukocytes (white blood cells), diabetes etc. 
  • Gynecological examinations: Two types of cancer marker tests (ovarian tumor and breast tumor) 
  • Other examinations: Liver function, hepatitis B, kidney function, alcoholic hepatitis, etc.
  • The details of the report will be explained by a professional staff (registered western doctor, certified Chinese practitioners or nurses).

 

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2.  Breast examination (try this by yourself!)

 

Regardless if you are sexually active or not, at the end of your monthly menstrual cycle, you should examine your breast. Pay particular attention to the shape and size of them, and observe if there are any changes such as pigmentations and unknown nipple secretion. When you shower, gently press the different areas of your breast to see if there are any lumps.

 

If at any point of your self-breast examination that you find some abnormalities, we highly recommend that you take a gynecological assessment and seek assistance from medical professionals.

 

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  • 52 types of assessments
  • (20 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): Breast and pelvis examination conducted by a doctor
  • (25 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): Traditional pap smear
  • A doctor will explain your medical results and can provide any medical advice if needed. 

 


 

Already an adult! Here are some gynecological examinations that women at the age of 25 and above must do!

 

1. Cervical screening

 

 

 

  • Sexually active women (25-64-year-olds) should take an annual cervical smear.
  • Cervical cytology is also known as a pap smear. It requires the extraction of cells for examination-- it is a critical component of many gynecological related examinations.
  • Not only can a pap smear track the condition of cervical cancer, but it can also detect other possible gynecological diseases (e.g. if your pap smear result is inflamed, then it is an indication of a few potential illnesses that will need immediate medical attention). Find out early to receive the most effective and appropriate treatment!
  • Things to do before and after your pap smear examination
    • 1-2 days after your test, your vagina may release a small amount of blood-- this is a normal, temporary side effect. However, if you continue to bleed and is increasing in amount, we highly recommend that you seek a doctor’s assistance.

 

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  • (25 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): 4 types of ultrasounds (breast, bone density, thyroid, and pelvis)
  • (25 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): Traditional pap smear 
  • (Gynecological examination): 2 types of tumor marker tests (ovarian and breast) • Conducting an ultrasound on one part of the body would cost approximately $1000 (market rate). So if your plan includes 4 different types of ultrasound examinations, it will be relatively more expensive.
  • Suitable for women of all ages, especially those who are in the working field and would like to have a more comprehensive view of their health condition.

 

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2. Breast examination - Breast Ultrasound

 

 

 

  • Besides conducting your monthly self-breast examination, women should also take a clinical examination.
  • Because women below 35 have a relatively high breast tissue density, when undergoing X-ray, the images produced would be unclear (i.e. lower accuracy). However, those in this age bracket may want to consider using an ultrasound scan.
  • How it works: The ultrasound machine will release high-frequency soundwaves at areas of high breast tissue density. The image will be produced once the projected soundwaves bounce back. Essentially, this technology can allow your doctor to see the inner breast condition much more clearly.

 

  Medical check-up centre’s selling points: Female checkup plan

  • (20 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): Urine and blood tests (Cholesterol, platelets, leukocytes (white blood cells), urinary cholesterol)
  • (25 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): 2 types of ultrasounds (breast and pelvis)
  • (25 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): Pap smear
  • The report will be explained by a medical staff (certified western doctor, registered Chinese practitioner, nurse etc.).

 



3. Pelvic ultrasound (uterus, ovary, bladder)

 

 

Another must-do gynecological assessment is the pelvis ultrasound

 

According to Hong Kong Anti-Cancer Society’s 2015 data, endometrial cancer placed 4th on the list of top 10 leading causes of death, followed by ovarian and cervical cancer, with a ranking of 6 and 7 respectively.

  • Pelvic ultrasound screenings have a high degree of accuracy. It can monitor the condition of your uterus and ovaries. Not only that, it can check if you have uterine fibroids, endometrial hyperplasia, endometrial cancer, uterine cancer, ovarian cysts or ovarian cancer.
  • If you are experiencing heavy menstrual flow or have lumps in your abdomen area, then we highly recommend that you take a pelvic examination.
  • Ovarian ultrasound screenings are not often taken because most women often glance over this type of assessment. However, this test is extremely important because over half the ovarian cancer patients only find out when it has progressed to stage 3 or 4. This is why it is crucial to take annual pelvic ultrasound tests!

 

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  • 38 types of assessments:
  • (20 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): Blood and urine tests (white blood cells, platelets, leukocytes (white blood cells), urinary cholesterol)
  • (25 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): 2 types of ultrasound tests (breast and pelvic) 
  • (25 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): ultra-thin pap smear examination 
  • Doctors will be able to explain the medical report in detail and can provide any medical advice if needed.

 


 

For 40 year olds women who take very good care of themselves: Here are the various gynecological assessments that you should consider:

 

1. Breast examination - Mammogram

 

 

  • Women of the age of 40 and above should take a clinical examination. Breast X-rays and mammograms can detect breast cancer at an early stage.
  • Breast ultrasound can only detect formed tumors. However, mammograms are relatively more useful because they can examine abnormalities that are not identifiable via a regular ultrasound test. By using a mammogram, you can develop an understanding of your breast condition at an earlier stage and receive appropriate treatment if needed.

 

  Body check centre’s selling points: Complete Gynecological Health Check Program

  • (20 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): Platelets, white blood cells, red blood cells
  • (25 YEAR OLDS MUST DO):2 types of ultrasounds (breast and pelvic)
  • (25 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): Ultra-thin pap smear
  • (40 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): Breast X-ray
  • (40 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): Bone density screening (DEXA scan (waist and bone))
  • Includes other examination such as hormone and standard HPV tests
  • The doctor will be able to explain the medical report in detail and can provide any medical advice if needed.


 

 

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  • (20 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): Full blood count
  • (25 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): Ultra-thin pap smear
  • (40 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): 3D mammogram
  • Includes other tests such as coronary heart rate examination, thyroid, liver and kidney function tests etc.
  • Medical report will be explained by doctors. Medical advice can be provided if needed.


 



2. Osteoporosis - DEXA bone density examination

 

  • For those who are close to their 40s may start to realize that the bone condition is slowly deteriorating. In fact, most patients find out that they have osteoporosis once they have broken their bones in an accident. This is why we highly recommend you to take bone-related examinations (on top of your existing gynecological body screening assessments).
  • Gynecological examination often has a DEXA bone density examination. It can easily detect your bone density levels quickly and accurately. The results can be generated any time between 10-15 minutes!
  • Once you have been diagnosed with osteoporosis (i.e. high risk of bone fracture), proper treatment can be provided to prevent it from further impacting your daily life.

 

  Body check centre’s selling points: Gynecological Disease & Check-up Premium

  • (20 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): Cholesterol, platelets, leukocytes (white blood cells), bilirubin (urinary), etc.
  • (25 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): 2 types of ultrasound (breast and pelvic)
  • (25 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): Ultra-thin pap smear • (40 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): Mammogram
  • (40 YEAR OLDS MUST DO): Bone-density (calcium, inorganic phosphate)
  • (MUST DO GYNECOLOGICAL ASSESSMENTS): 2 types of tumor marker tests (ovarian tumor indicators and breast tumor indicators)
  • Includes other examinations such as thyroid, liver and kidney function, gout, diabetes tests, etc.
  • The doctor will explain the medical report and can provide any medical advice if needed.

 


 

According to the Hong Kong Cancer data (2014) released by the Hong Kong Cancer Registry, colorectal cancer and the various types of gynecological cancer are becoming more and more prevalent. In the past ten years, the number of breast cancer cases has increased by 70%.

 

 

 

You may feel settled, but please realize that: 

  • One in sixteen women will develop breast cancer. On average, ten women are diagnosed with this disease each day-- the youngest patient is less than 20 years old!
  • Three in ten women will develop uterine fibroids. In 2015, there were 500 cases of uterine cancer (symptoms include: vaginal bleeding or abdominal pain).
  • Your bone will deteriorate once you reach the age of 35. One in three women will develop osteoporosis, and because this can easily cause bone fractures, one accident may cause disabilities (30% of patients) and even death!

 

This is why women should see what assessments they should take and to take them annually! 

 

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